How Iqbal, Author of “Sare Jahan Se Achha” Inspired Youth to Build a Nation with His Poetry


More than one poet was born after his death

Opened our eyes when hers were closed

(verse translated from the Persian poem of Iqbal)

The first thing that comes to mind when we think of Urdu poetry is love, beauty, wine, pain, and separation. This is true to a large extent since famous Urdu poetry incorporates a large amount of such type of poetry. Most of these elements are found in the poetry of several well-known Urdu poets, including Mirza Galib, Mir Taqi Mir, and Ibrahim Zauq.

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Sir Muhammad Iqbal – one of South Asia’s most influential intellectuals – is one of the few Urdu poets whose work stands out in such a setting. Unlike most of his fellow poets, who used their poetry to express their feelings about love or separation, Iqbal deployed his poetry to deliver meaningful messages on politics, society, spirituality, and other important topics. .

Auro ka hai payam aur mera payam aur hai

Ishq ke dardmand ka tarz e kalam aur hai

(Others’ message is different, my message is different

The style of the address of this sympathizer of love is different)

Although religion is fundamental to Iqbal’s philosophy and work, most of his work is intended and universally applicable. Although Iqbal’s work covers a wide range of topics, much of his ideas focus on individual and societal development, with a particular focus on young people. In this world, a better society and people were most important to him. In this aspect, Iqbal’s focus on youth plays a crucial role. Youth, he believed, would shape the shape of a nation. He devoted much of his poetry to the youth.

Yaqin afrad ka sarmaya e taamir e milat hai

Yahi quwat hai jo surat station tameer e milat hai

(An individual’s belief is the capital to build a nation

It is the force that shapes the destiny of a nation)

Individuals, according to Iqbal, were the building blocks of society, and individuals should move in the right direction for a society to move in that direction. Youth was indeed a crucial part of this. Individual acts, according to Iqbal, decide the fate of a nation. In this regard, Iqbal wrote in his diary Stray Reflections: “Self-control in individuals builds families; in communities, he builds empires ”.

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Regarding youth, he stressed the importance of distinguishing between materialism or material goods and characteristics such as self-control and contentment in one’s life. While vital, pursuing mundane goals shouldn’t be a person’s only motivation, he says. According to Iqbal, this would limit a person in a limit, preventing them from realizing their full potential and strength.

Nahi tera nasheman qasr e sultani ke gumband by

Tu shaheen hai basera kar pahado ki chatano mein

(Your home is not on the dome of the royal palace

You are a hawk, take a seat on the mountains)

Another important part of Iqbal’s speech in this regard is the concept of “self”. In the pursuit of certain motives, a person may not recognize themselves, not knowing what they really want or what their true talents are. This, according to Iqbal, is not a good sign for the individual. Iqbal places great importance on self-awareness. And this recognition is more satisfying than all the other gains. In one of his poetry letters to his son, he writes about self-concept as follows:

Mera tariq ameeri nahi faqeeri hai

Khudi na bech gareebi mein naampaida kar

(My path is hermit, not fortune

Don’t sell your ‘self’, in the shine of beggars’ rag)

What we call the pursuit of his passion, Iqbal is linked to the process of recognizing his own “me”. It is through this action of identifying one’s “self” that one can recognize inner passion, according to Iqbal. This self-identification helps to understand what motivates a person in life. This enthusiasm, according to Iqbal, does not require any particular intervention from the outside, but rather one’s own deep and incisive contemplation and reflection. In the same poem addressed to his son, he wrote

Na utha sheesha girane farang ke ahsan

Sifal e hind se mina o jaampaida kar

(Do not seek the favors of the English glassmaker

Indian clay make your own cup)

In this context, another important aspect of Iqbal’s teaching is his emphasis on faith. A person will be unable to accomplish anything if he lacks belief. According to Iqbal, all abilities are unnecessary, unless a belief resides within the person with those abilities. Faith in oneself and one’s abilities is a prerequisite for the fruitful outcome of any of the qualities possessed by a human.

It is through this idea that a person can overcome his fears and accomplish great things.

Yaqinpaida kar aye nadan! Yaqin se hath aati hai

Woh darwaishi jis ke saamne jhukti hai fagfoori

(Oh, ignorant, have a firm belief, for belief can give you

The holiness of a kind where mighty monarchs bow)

Jawanu ko meri aah o sahr de

Fir in shahhen bacho ko bal o by de

(Give the youth my dawn sigh

To these eaglets to give back wings)

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