Rabindranath Tagore, poet, writer, playwright, composer, philosopher, social reformer and painter was born on May 7, 1861. He was the first non-European and the first lyricist to win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 for his deeply sensitive meaning, fresh and beautiful Gitanjali poetry.
Tagore started writing poems at the age of eight and published his own collection a decade later titled “Bhanusimha”. He is also the man who composed the national anthems of three countries: Jana Gana Mana for India, Amar Sonar Bangla for Bangladesh and Sri Lanka Mata for Sri Lanka.
On Rabindranath Tagore’s birthday, here are some of the literati’s must-have books and famous poems
Gitanjali is an anthology of poems and it is Tagore’s best known and most influential work. The book was originally published in 1910, but he republished it in 1912 as a collection of prose poems translated into English titled “Gitanjali: Song Offers”. Old Indian devotional songs provided Tagore’s model for Gitanjali’s poems. He also composed the music for these lyrics. Love is the main subject, although some poems detail the internal conflict between spiritual aspirations and earthly desires.
The collections enabled him to win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.
The postmaster cemented Tagore as India’s greatest romantic, as the story beautifully examines the human condition in its varied forms, from the innocence of childhood to the contrast between a bustling city and a rustic village, as well as love and loss and the natural and the supernatural. If you’re new to Tagore’s incredible literature, this is definitely the one you can choose!
One of Tagore’s many excellent works, it depicts the social, political and religious society of Bengal during colonial rule in the 1880s. He hoped this book would transform the social, political and religious scene of the country. His analysis of that era is still applicable in today’s modern world, making it a must-read at least once in a lifetime.
Tagore was not only an excellent writer, but also a brilliant poet whose thought-provoking prose revolved around freedom, courage and anti-colonialism. Here are some of the famous poems written by the Nobel laureate.
1. “Where the mind without fear”– Beautiful poetry that speaks of the limitless potential of human knowledge, the value of upholding the truth, and the feeling of true freedom.
2. “Let Me Not Forget”,– A beautiful work of poetry, depicts the wonderful emptiness a person has of missing the beloved.
3. “Last Curtain”– It explores the vulnerability one feels when approaching death. The only real things one can take to the grave are his good deeds.
4. “Freedom”– The speaker of this powerful poem informs his listeners or readers, the Indian people, that he will fight for their freedom. It is freedom that will allow them to free themselves from the oppressions of all kinds that they have endured.